Seizure first aid

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Generalised Onset Seizure with Motor Features (Tonic-Clonic, Tonic, Clonic, Atonic)

  • Stay calm and time the seizure
  • Don’t restrain the person - unless they are in danger
  • Let the seizure run its course
  • Put nothing in the mouth (but do wipe away saliva)
  • Protect the head if necessary
  • Turn the person on their side after the seizure stops
  • Stay with them until they recover and respond fully

Focal Impaired/Complex Partial Seizures

  • Stay calm and time the seizure
  • Don’t restrain (unless the person is in real danger)
  • Let the seizure run its course
  • Guide the person away from danger
  • Don’t agitate them
  • Speak gently and reassure them
  • Stay with them until they recover and respond fully

Absences, Minor Seizures, Focal Aware/Simple Partial

  • Stay calm and time the seizure
  • If they wander guide them gently from danger
  • Wait until the person is fully recovered and responsive Reassure them and explain what happened

When to call an ambulance

  • if it is the first known seizure 

  • the seizure lasts over 5 minutes 
  • more seizures follow without recovery 
  • the person is injured, pregnant, has another medical condition or you are in any doubt.

Download your Tonic-Clonic Seizure awareness poster here.

Download your Complex Partial/Focal Seizure awareness poster here.