Tonic-Clonic (Major) Seizures

Many people feel helpless and unsure of what to do when responding to a tonic-clonic seizure. These are convulsive seizures involving loss of consciousness, muscle stiffening, the person falling to the ground followed by jerking movements. This seizure is potentially life threatening if the person continues in the seizure state too long.

What you should DO:

 What you should NOT do:

For more information on seizure first aid in specific circumstances, e.g. in a wheelchair, in water or on buses/ aeroplanes, click here.

When to call an ambulance

First Aid for Complex Partial seizures

Get the Seizure first aid poster

Watch the seizure first aid video