04-01-2016 | The risk of seizure-related injuries in children and young adults is highlighted in a new study

The results of new research published in the leading medical journal Epilepsy & Behavior confirm the pronounced risk of seizure-related injuries in children and adolescents with epilepsy.

Carried out by the University of Ibadan in Nigeria, the study aimed to determine the frequency and pattern of seizure-related injuries in children, by examining consecutive cases of epilepsy over a period of six months using a structured questionnaire.

A total of 125 children with epilepsy and 125 age and gender-matched controls were studied, and– showed that injuries occurred more frequently in children with epilepsy than in their peers.

Roughly 45 per cent of the children with epilepsy suffered seizure-related injuries, and multiple injuries occurred in about one-quarter of the group with epilepsy. The most frequent were skin or soft tissue cuts and lacerations, injuries to the tongue, gums and soft tissues of the mouth, minor head injuries and dental injuries including tooth loss.

There was also shown to be a statistically significant association between seizure frequency and seizure-related injuries, with children who were taking two or more anti-epileptic drugs having a significantly higher frequency of seizure-related injuries.

The researchers concluded: "Epilepsy is a major risk factor for injuries in childhood. High seizure frequency increases the risk of multiple injuries in children with epilepsy